Return is the movement of the Tao.
Yielding is the way of the Tao.
All things are born of being.
Being is born of non-being.
|Water lily on the Garavogue River, Summer 2006|
Quite often our native resistance or our initial reaction to push against situations or circumstances in life can rebound upon us and thereby frustrate us or increase further the intensity of our problems. Often going with the flow of life can be a better course of action. That is the meaning of the line "Yielding is the way of the Tao."
Being and its contrary non-being are often widely discussed categories in both traditional Eastern and Western philosophies. The Pre-Socratic philosopher Parmenides maintained that being implies immutability, actual existence in itself or in its essence. Non-being, he declares, refers to non-existence. However, the contrast between being and non-being has been interpreted in different ways over the course of the centuries. For example, Plato believed that being refers to the immutable world of ideas (= forms), while non-being is unformed matter; and these two are paradoxically united to compose or constitute the transient world of becoming. If we turn to Hindu belief/philosophy, we find that it equates being with the enduring reality of Brahman, and non-being with the illusory unreality of the manifested universe or so-called real world of experiences. Turning to Mahayana Buddhism we find written in the Nirvana Sutra: "The Buddha nature neither exists nor does not exist/both exists and does not exist/...being and nothing combined/This is what is called the middle path." For Hegel, being and non-being are two opposing, completely indeterminate logical and also ontological categories which, however, are integrated into a third category of becoming at a higher and determinate level. For Heidegger, being and non-being are no longer indeterminate categories, and non-being is, in fact, instrumental and necessary for our grasp of the meaning of being.
|Garavogue River, Summer 2006|
|The philosopher Martin Heidegger|